What are some of the fire-resistant materials used in buildings?

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    What are some of the main fire-resistant materials that buildings use? I was reading something about the Grenfell Tower disaster in England and got pretty curious about it. Is it standard stuff all over the world or does it vary?

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  • passionfruit
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    Yes, I recall that fire. Such a tragedy that was. I don’t honestly know if these fire-resistant materials are the same all over the world. I would assume it is pretty standard, perhaps with slight variations. Some of it may depend on climactic conditions, but otherwise, I would think it is pretty standard stuff. I also think it depends on each business or contractor/developer. I am sure there are those who cut corners. They may not use certain things to save on expenses and increase their profits. Let’s face it, when it comes to money, people will always do that.

    For example, there is fire-resistant glass that may be used in some buildings and not in others. Intense heat can actually cause an explosion, causing the glass to shatter, sending projectiles everywhere. A dual-paned glass will take longer for such an occurrence. Tempered glass is sturdy. So you see, there are options.

    2

    Concrete itself is a very good fire-resistant material. It is a common building material. For concrete to get damaged, it has to be exposed to fire for a long period. Concrete can help to prevent the spread of fire. In fact, concrete in a fire may be more reliable than steel! That’s saying something. In many buildings, steel is given protection by concrete. However, concrete can be made in several ways. So, I suppose its strength depends on this. If you are really interested to know more about fire-resistant materials, I suggest you take a look at ADL Insulflex Inc. They have all kinds of fire-resistant materials that are used for many purposes.

    3

    Needless to say, bricks are also resistant to fire. It is also how they are made that helps. Bricks are probably the most common fire-resistant building materials used. A brick is more fire-resistant than a brick wall. A brick wall uses mortar to be held together, hence the strength of a lone brick.

    4

    Stucco can be fire resistant and durable. This is one reason it is used as a finish for other materials like brick and wood. Roof eaves can be protected with stucco. Roof eaves can sometimes be a fire hazard. Flames and even sparks can cause a roof to ignite. Never neglect the roof because it can cause severe damage quite easily.

    5

    Gypsum board is fire-resistant and can be used as an interior finish. Many structural materials make use of gypsum sheathing. This enables them to get a good fire rating. Gypsum board or drywall is made more fire-resistant due to the treatment it receives with the addition of additives. Sometimes, many layers of gypsum board are added by contractors. This increases the fire-rating.

    One thing to remember is, no matter how well something is made, a fire can still occur. Nothing can completely stop it. However, using such materials can lessen the threat and damage. It can also help to buy some precious time, since it can take longer to get damaged. By that time, authorities can show up.

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